22 million ha
The 22 million ha pledge by the federal government of Brazil includes 3.28 million hectares pledge by three Brazilian states:
São Paulo (0.3 million ha)
Espírito Santo (0.08 million ha)
Mato Grosso (2.9 million ha)
For decades, Brazil has dealt with widespread forest and land degradation. While deforestation rates have been decreasing in recent years, resurgences in illegal logging and unplanned land conversion have shown that Brazil’s struggle with land degradation is far from over.
Recognizing the increasing threat that deforestation and land degradation poses to climate, biodiversity, and sustainable development, Brazil joined Initiative 20x20 in 2016 with a pledge to restore 22 million ha of degraded land by 2030. The pledge was made through the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply and the Ministry of the Environment.
Under its primary restoration policy (Proveg), the National Plan for the Recovery of Native Vegetation (Planaveg) plans to restore 12 million ha through forest restoration, reforestation, and natural regeneration by 2030 as part of Brazil’s NDC to the Paris agreement.
The other 10 million ha will be restored as part of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply’s Low Carbon Agriculture Program (ABC Plan), which runs from 2010-2020. The ABC Plan will restore 5 million ha of land through two programs, Livestock-Forestry Integration and Agroforestry Systems. The restoration of the remaining 5 million ha will be achieved through recovery of degraded pasture.
NDC/Forest and restoration policy:
- NDC/Forest and restoration policy:
- Active and passive forest restoration
- Protected areas
As outlined in the ABC Plan, restoration via Livestock-Forestry Integration (iLPF) programs and Agroforestry Systems (SAFs) and through recovery of degraded pastures are to be achieved through:
- Capacity building and technology transfer, including training rural producers in iLPF and SAF systems like forest management, preservation areas, ecological corridors
- Public information campaigns
- Mapping of priority areas
- Identifying regional experiences and creation of a database on iLPF and SAFs
- Provision of basic inputs (seedlings) for implementation of iLPF and SAFs in family farms and farmers
The Planaveg document states that financing for the restoration plan can come from sources including the government, national and multilateral financing institutions, funds like the GEF, bilateral government agreements like Brazil’s agreement with Norway, the private sector, and foundations. Planaveg also has a strategic initiative to develop financial mechanisms such as preferential bank loans, grants, environmental compensation, tax exemptions, and forest titles.
Brazil also has a National Strategy for REDD+ (ENREDD+), which has a funding for REDD+ results and benefits component that is overseen by CONAREDD+, the National Commission for REDD+. The ABC Plan is funded by the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) System, the Rural Savings Credit Line (MCR 6-4), and Constitutional Funds, which come primarily from taxes.
- Bonn Challenge
- Initiative 20x20
- New York Declaration on Forests
- Financing Ecological Restoration in Brazil (Institute for Applied Economic Research document describing the schemes available for funding restoration in Brazil) (Portuguese)
- ABC Plan Funding Guide
- MCR 6-4
- Constitutional Financing Funds
- Plano Nacional de Recuperação da Vegetação Nativa (PLANAVEG, National Plan for the Recovery of Native Vegetation)
- Novo Código Florestal (New Forest Code) Booklet
- ABC Plan
- Brazil NDCs
- Decree establishing the National Policy for the Recovery of Native Vegetation (Decree No. 8972/2017)
- Native Vegetation Protection Law, or “New Forest Law” (Law No. 12.651/2012)
is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.
or the Brazilian Biodiversity Fund, is an NGO with over 20 years of experience managing funds for hundreds of biodiversity-related projects and investments in Brazil.
FAS is a private Brazilian non-profit that promotes sustainable development, conservation, and improvement of quality of life for riverside communities in the state of Amazonas. Instituto Centro de Vida (ICV) is a nonpartisan and non-profit organization of the civil society working to build sustainability solutions for land and natural resources use. ICV’s actions reach international, national and state levels in the themes of transparency, environmental governance and public policies, as well as municipal level in practical experiences.
The Instituto Bioatlântica is a technical institution that promotes restoration of native vegetation and sustainable agriculture in critical areas in Brazil’s river basins.