1 million hectares
Cesar Rey, CRey@minambiente.gov.co
Colombia joined Initiative 20x20 in 2014 with a pledge made jointly between the Ministry of Environment Sustainable Development (Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, or MADS) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) to restore 1 million ha of degraded land by 2020.
Colombia’s main strategy document for restoration is MADS's 2015 National Restoration Plan: Ecological Restoration, Rehabilitation, and Reclamation of Disturbed Areas (Plan Nacional de Restauración: Restauración Ecológica, Rehabilitación y Recuperación de Áreas Disturbadas, or PNR, in Spanish) The PNR promotes improvement of degraded areas under three approaches – restoration, reclamation, and rehabilitation. These approaches fall within a broad policy framework of biodiversity conservation and adaptation to global changes.
Colombia is also pursuing restoration to boost productivity of its degraded productive landscapes, especially pasture, and improve local livelihoods.
Restoration approaches include:
- Establishment of forest protected areas/enclosures
- Enrichment planting of native tree species
- Establishment of sustainable silvopasture and agroforestry systems and intensification of existing systems
- Management of invasive species
- Assisted and passive restoration of forests
- Community-based land management/forestry
- Reconstruction of physical structure of wetland soils
- The PNR primarily uses existing economic and financial instruments with environmental/conservation-based objectives (Fondo de Compensación Ambiental, Manual de Compensaciones, Fondo Nacional de Regalías, Fondo Nacional Ambiental, Findeter). Priority regional projects may be financed by entities supporting local Development Plans.
- International Cooperation (GEF, IADB, Fondo Cooperativo para el Carbono de los Bosques FCPF, Green Climate Fund).
- Bonn Challenge
- Initiative 20x20
- NY Declaration on Forests
World Resources Institute (WRI) is a global research organization that turns big ideas into action at the nexus of environment, economic opportunity and human well-being. WRI is the secretariat to Initiative 20x20.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.
The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) works in collaboration with hundreds of partners to help developing countries make farming more competitive, profitable, and resilient through smarter, more sustainable natural resource management. We help policymakers, scientists, and farmers respond to some of the most pressing challenges of our time, including food insecurity and malnutrition, climate change, and environmental degradation. CIAT is headquartered in Cali, Colombia.
The Alexander von Humboldt Institute researches biodiversity and ecosystem services to assist in decision-making.
Conservation International (CI)-Colombia oversees Tremarctos Colombia, a system that evaluates infrastructure impacts on biodiversity to ensure development of such projects is sustainable.
The Rainforest Alliance is an international conservation NGO with projects for reducing deforestation and enhancing carbon stocks as well as a certification service for sustainably-produced products.
Ecodes Ingenieria is an organization dedicated to the ecology of restoration for over 10 years. It has experience in the management, planning and execution of ecological restoration projects in different ecosystems presenting degradation due to anthropic and natural causes. The projects carried out by Ecodes include design and formulation of restoration, evaluation and monitoring plans, and implementation of these in different ecosystems.
The Amazon Conservation Team (ACT) is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving South American rainforests. It works hand in hand with local indigenous communities to devise and implement its conservation strategies. ACT seeks to steadily increase the number of indigenous peoples in Amazonia able to monitor, sustainably manage and protect their traditional forestlands, and by extension significantly increase the area of Amazonian rainforest enjoying considerably improved protection.
The Andes Amazon Fund is a 5 year effort to conserve habitat and biodiversity in the Amazon headwaters in the countries or Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. Over the five year period they will invest 20-30 million dollars in supporting creation, management and long term financing of protected area of a wide variety ranging from indigenous reserves, conservation concessions, regional protected areas and national protected areas. Their target is 25- to 50 million hectares of habitat with improved prospects for permanent conservation. They fund civil society organizations with philanthropic grants and often partner with government organizations to co-finance projects.
American Bird Conservancy’s (ABC) mission is to conserve native birds and their habitats throughout the Americas. ABC partners with local organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean to improve prospects for resident and migratory birds and achieve four goals: halt extinctions, protect habitats, eliminate threats, and build capacity for bird conservation. They support the creation of nature reserves and the promotion of habitat restoration, and work to empower local communities to be active participants in preserving the health of the environment through the development of sustainable livelihood opportunities.
RARE is an international conservation organization with a goal of scaling up community-based solutions that benefit people and nature. Rare and its partners have earmarked approximately $5M by 2020 in sustainable financing to restore cloud forest and riparian lands in Latin America. Rare focuses on bright spots or locally-led solutions in conservation that are worth emulating, and works to strengthen local institutions, empower civil society, and promote participatory approaches in biodiversity conservation, climate change, clean water availability and accessibility, food security, and fisheries sustainability.
La Federación Colombiana de Ganaderos (FEDEGAN, or the Colombian Cattle Ranching Associationin English), helps run the Colombian Sustainable Livestock Project (El Proyecto Ganadería Colombiana Sostenible), which aims to improve production of cattle businesses in an environmentally sustainable manner.
La Fundación Centro para la Investigación en Sistemas Sostenibles de Producción Agropecuaira (CIPAV, or the Center for Research in Sustainable Agricultural Production System in English) aims to be a leading organization in the construction of sustainable rural development.