3.2 million hectares
Leoncio Julio Ugarte, email@example.com
Peru joined Initiative 20x20 in 2014 with a pledge by the Directorate General of Agricultural Environmental Affairs (Dirección General de Asuntos Ambientales Agrarios) to restore 3.2 million hectares of degraded land.
Of these 3.2 million hectares, 2 million are to be restored through sustainable commercial exploitation under Peru’s National Forest Service (SERFOR). To this end, SERFOR promotes the national pact Madera Legal, the Forestry Development Fund (Fondo Fomento Forestal), and the National Program for the Promotion of Timber Plantations (Program Nacional de Promoción de Plantaciones Forestales con Fines Maderables).
The remaining 1.2 million ha is degraded land to be recovered for productive use under the Directorate General of Agricultural Environmental Affairs (DGAAA). The 1.2 million ha of degraded land to be restored by DGAAA can be further divided by the major type of degradation to be reversed:
- 390,000 ha – water erosion
- 200,000 ha – overgrazing
- 155,000 ha – soil compaction
- 155,000 ha – agrochemical contamination
- 300,000 ha – salinization
The national restoration strategy, Programa Nacional de Recuperación de Áreas Degradadas PNRAD, is currently under development and is expected to be launched in 2018.
Forest plantations for ecosystem services and associated nontimber businesses
- Natural reforestation
- Plantations for timber forest business
- Agroforestry and silvopastoral systems
- Promotion of environmentally sound technologies that will add value
The National Fund for Protected Areas (FONANPE) promotes sustainable forestry in Peru and is financed by a GEF grant and government funds. The National Program for the Conservation of Forests for the Mitigation of Climate Change (Programa Nacional de Conservación de Bosques para la Mitigación del Cambio Climático) also provides incentives for forest conservation.
In 2014, Norway and Germany promised to pay Peru 400 million USD for projects to stop and reduce deforestation in the Amazon to reduce emissions.
NY Declaration on Forests
World Resources Institute (WRI)
is a global research organization that turns big ideas into action at the nexus of environment, economic opportunity and human well-being. WRI is the secretariat to Initiative 20x20.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.
is a global research-for-development organization that deliver scientific evidence, management practices and policy options to use and safeguard agricultural and tree biodiversity to attain sustainable global food and nutrition security. Bioversity’s Latin American office is headquartered in Lima.
The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
is a centre of scientific excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. Leveraging the world’s largest repository of agroforestry science and information, it develops knowledge practices, for farmers’ fields to the global sphere, to ensure food security and environmental sustainability. ICRAF’s Latin American office is headquartered in Lima.
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
is a non-profit, scientific institution that conducts research on forest and landscape management around the world, develops partners’ capacity, and actively engages in dialogue with all stakeholders to inform policies and practices that affect forests and people. CIFOR’s Latin American office is headquartered in Lima.
AIDER (Asociación para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Integral)
is a non-governmental organization, founded in 1986, committed to sustainable development and environmental conservation in Peru. It is committed to the design, formulation and implementation of projects to develop capabilities for business management, forestry and environmental governance in native and rural communities in the country.
CIMA (Centro de Conservación, Investigación y Manejo de Áreas Naturales)
is working towards the conservation of biological diversity of Peru with emphasis on natural protected areas. It seeks to develop and disseminate research, inventory and monitoring activities in areas of high biological diversity in the country, as well to apply successful planning and management models to conserve them.
is an organization dedicated to the ecology of restoration for over 10 years. It has experience in the management, planning and execution of ecological restoration projects in different ecosystems presenting degradation due to anthropic and natural causes. The projects carried out by Ecodes include design and formulation of restoration, evaluation and monitoring plans, and implementation of these in different ecosystems.
The Amazon Conservation Team (ACT)
is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving South American rainforests. It works hand in hand with local indigenous communities to devise and implement its conservation strategies. ACT seeks to steadily increase the number of indigenous peoples in Amazonia able to monitor, sustainably manage and protect their traditional forestlands, and by extension significantly increase the area of Amazonian rainforest enjoying considerably improved protection.
The Andes Amazon Fund
is a five-year effort to conserve habitat and biodiversity in the Amazon headwaters in the countries or Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. Over the five-year period they will invest 20-30 million dollars in supporting creation, management and long-term financing of protected area of a wide variety ranging from indigenous reserves, conservation concessions, regional protected areas and national protected areas. Their target is 25- to 50 million hectares of habitat with improved prospects for permanent conservation. They fund civil society organizations with philanthropic grants and often partner with government organizations to co-finance projects.